International Journal of Advance Agricultural Research
ISSN: 2053-1265
Vol. 3(7), pp. 83-88, November 2015

Pattern of small ruminants ownership and management by agro-pastoralists within peri-urban Kano, semi-arid - Nigeria

Garba Y.1*, I. R. Muhammad2 and A. Suleiman3

1Centre for Dryland Agriculture, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
2Department of Animal Science, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
3Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.

*To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail:,

Received 20 September, 2015; Received in revised form 14 October, 2015; Accepted 19 October, 2015.


Agro-pastoralists, Small ruminants, Semi-intensive system, Semi-arid region.

A diagnostic survey using the multi-stage sampling technique based on high concentration of agro-pastoralists was used to elicit information on the demographic characteristics of agro-pastoralists, small ruminant ownership and production systems in peri-urban, semi-arid areas of Kano Sate, Nigeria. A total sample size of 200 farmers was used. The results obtained reveal that 88% of the farmers were males within the ages of 21 to 30 years. Production experience was acquired mainly through inheritance. However evidence of diverse occupations among the respondents were observed. The semi-intensive system is being practiced and the choice of management is attributed to convenience (28%) and low management cost (22%). The major sources of sheep and goat acquisition were through purchase (61 and 38%) and gift (14 and 28%) for sheep and goat, respectively. The reasons for rearing were to meet supply during festive periods, when there is high demand of sheep (45%). While for goats, it was due to ease of rearing (61%). It is concluded that small ruminant rearing is practiced by all age groups and gender. Thus, opportunities for improvement interventions are to be targeted at all age groups and gender since the younger generation will inherit the production practices along with any improvement technology. It is however recommended that livestock improvement strategies for sheep should be propagated during festive periods while that on goat should be year- round.

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