International Journal of Modern Biological Research
ISSN: 2053-180X
Vol. 5(3), pp. 56-63, August 2017

Farmers’ demographic variables: An insight into environmental conservation in Calabar

Etim Nkanu Efut1, David Mbu Akpo1, Victor Eshu Okpashi2* and Eno Asuquo3

1Department of Environmental Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria.
2Environmental Toxicology and Molecular Biochemistry Unit, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.
3Department of Curriculum and Teaching, University of Calabar, Nigeria.

*To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail:

Received 07 June, 2017; Received in revised form 20 July, 2017; Accepted 28 July, 2017.


Farmers, Demographic variables, Environment, Conservation.

This study examined the influence of farmers’ demographic variables on environmental conservation in Calabar education zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. Four null hypotheses were formulated and tested. The total number of registered farmers in the State with the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Calabar were 28,248. Eight communities in Calabar education zone were selected; purposive sampling was used to obtain 376 respondents. A 33 items questionnaire was used to collate data. Cronbach Alpha method was used to estimate the reliability of the questionnaire. Independent t-test and one-way analysis of variance were used to test the hypotheses and significance was accepted at p≤0.05. The results obtained indicate that the level of education does not influence environmental conservation. Rather, income level and knowledge of the environment significantly influenced environment conservation. Thus, people should be educated and informed about the need for environmental conservation.

2017 BluePen Journals Ltd.

© 2013-2019 - BluePen Journals | Terms | Privacy policy | Advert | Help |